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PPCR Scorecard 1 Date of Report: July/30/2018
PPCR Core Indicator 1: Degree of integration of climate change into national planning          
Data Collection Method: Data scored at the country level                
Cambodia PPCR Investment Plan                
Reporting Period:       From: January 1, 2017   To:     December 31, 2017
Complete below the sectors identified as a priority in the PPCR investment plan.Insert other priority sectors or ministries below(optional) Is there an approved climate change plan for the nation/ sector? Have climate resilience strategies been embedded in the central government's/ sector's principal planning documents? Has responsibility been assigned to institutions or persons to integrate climate resilience planning? Have specific measures to address climate resilience been identified and prioritized? e.g. investments and programs Do all planning processes routinely screen for climate risks?
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Score-2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reportingperiod (new) Score-2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reportingperiod (new) Score-2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reportingperiod (new) Score-2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reportingperiod (new) Score-2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reportingperiod (new)
National Planning 6 6 4 4 6 6 4 4 2 2
How do you justifythe increase (or decrease)in scores between scores repored in 2016reporting period†† and scores reportedin 2017reporting period ?†† Please explain! Score remains the same. However, some progress was seen in the implementation of M&E framework for climate change developed by NCSD with support from IIED using the TAMD approach. Under the M&E framework for climate change, scoring of the national readiness indicators have been updated; a set of sub-indicators have been proposed for SDG 13; and a template for reporting on progress of CCAP was developed. Climate change adaptation measures are implemented by key pilot sector ministries and budget in MEF. Further to NCSD becoming fully functional, Climate Change Expenditure Review has been regularly conducted with production of two reports on CLimate Public Expenditure and Instutional Review. Score remains the same, however plans to establish aNational Climate Funding Facility (NCFF) to coordinate management of adaptation finance are in progress, and the CPEIR is regularely conducted. Screening tools for climate riskare being identified in MOE, but actual implementation is limited to only some government Projects financed by development partners.
Water Resources 5 5 3 3 4 4 3 3 2 2
How do you justifythe increase (or decrease)in scores between scores repored in 2016reporting period†† and scores reportedin 2017reporting period ?†† Please explain! Climate Change Strategic and Action Plan for Water Resourcesand Metereology (2014-2018) approved. Climate change risks and response measures are mentioned in the National Water Resources Policy (2004) and the Strategy Plan for development of water resource and metereology, 2009-2013 Focal points on climate change in the Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MOWRAM) completed. Roles and responsibilities to ensure coordination and policy formulation are clarified. An M&E framework is tested for tracking some adaptation investments in Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MOWRAM). Screening tools for climate risk are being identified in Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MOWRAM).
Agriculture 6 6 3 3 4 4 3 3 2 2
How do you justifythe increase (or decrease)in scores between scores repored in 2016reporting period†† and scores reportedin 2017reporting period ?†† Please explain! MAFF is working with the TA 8179 Package C to use the PPCR results framework for monitoring SPCR project and also developed the TAMD for adaptation plans and projects. MAFF also updated its Climate Change Action Plan to 2016-2020. Some climate change adaptation measures are included in the Strategy for Water and Agriculture. Identification of specific staff to be members of the adaptation working group and/or focal points on climate change in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)completed. Roles and responsibilities to ensure coordination and policy formulation are clarified. Adaptation investmentsinthe Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) are included in the NAP Financial Framework (2017). Screening tools for climate riskare being identified inthe Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF).
Transport 5 6 3 3 4 4 3 3 2 2
How do you justifythe increase (or decrease)in scores between scores repored in 2016reporting period†† and scores reportedin 2017reporting period ?†† Please explain! M&E of climate change is in progress through the support of TA 8179 and CCCA. Specific budget is available for integration of measures into sector plans. The environmental and social office (ESO) under Planning Department has been established with TOR and technical staff to facilitate climate change and environment planning. Planning unit at Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT) have yet to establish an efficient tracking system for climate expenditure Screening tools for climate risk are being identified inthe Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT).††
Urban Planning 5 5 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1
How do you justifythe increase (or decrease)in scores between scores repored in 2016reporting period†† and scores reportedin 2017reporting period ?†† Please explain! Climate change action plan for the Ministry of Land Management, Urban Planning and Construction (MLMUPC) was approved. Climate change issues are included in national/sectorís land policy documents. Senior officersfrom urban sector agencies have now been identified as members of NCSD and Climate Change Technical Working Group. Planning units of sector ministries (MPWT and MLMUPC) support the climate public expenditure review. Vague reference to screening tools for climate risk.
                   
Instructions:
1. Please establish scoring criteria for each of the aspects of this scorecard and submit them with your report. This should be done once, preferably at baseline stage and used during subsequent reporting years.
2. If you have previously established your scoring criteria, use them and submit them with your report .
3. Score each cell with a score between 0 and 10 (refer to your scoring criteria defined for this scorecard)
4. Provide explanation of change in scores between 2016 and 2017 in appropriate cells and avoid abbreviations.
                                 
Gender Mainstreaming:To what extent and in what ways have gender and socioeconomicvulnerability concerns been mainstreamed with the climate resilience planning processes at national and sectorlevels ?

(e.g., through gender budgeting approaches; gender needs assessments and consultations, or similar, including coordination with the Ministry of Womenís Affairs, womenís organizations).†††††
1. The Gender Climate Change Committee of the Ministry of Women's Affairs (MOWA) meets regularly with focals from gender and climate change committees in sector ministries to discuss entry points of gender mainstreaming in sector strategies
2. Gender issues and concerns have been considered in varying degreesin the sectoral climate change strategy and action plans. Some strategy plans include gender in key actions.
3. Gender analysis and gender responsive measures are included SPCR investment projects.
Lessons learned: What have been the key successes when integrating climate change in national, including sector planning ?
1. The establishment of the National Council for Sustainable Development (NCSD) in May 2015, the main institution responsible for climate change coordination, shows strong commitment of the government of Cambodia to mainstream climate change in its development efforts.
2. Coordination of climate change activities and integration of climate resilience into development planning are being improved through the establishment of the Climate Change Technical Working Group which is composed of 19 ministries/agencies, Development Partners, NGOs, Private Sectors, and Academia, with a total of 49 institutions. The new Climate Change Technical Working Group was established to replace the Climate Change Technical team.
3. The need for greater stakeholder engagement is crucial to mainstreaming throughout the planing cycle. Decision-makers, scientists, civil society, private sector, and local communities play key roles in economic development and are critical to the effectiveness of mainstreaming efforts in all levels.
4. Strong support from donor agencies on integrating climate resilience into development planning.
5. Establishment of a climate change financing framework at the Ministry of Economy and Finance to manage climate finance across government.
6. Establishment of a national framework for M&E of climate change responses is one of the priority actions identified in the Cambodia Climate Change Strategic Plan.
7. M&E framework for tracking adaptation is being integrated in sector ministries. Currently, it is being developed for MPWT, MAFF and MOH.
8. Cambodia's planning framework is conducive to integration of climate change. One of the objectives of Cambodia's Climate Change Strategic Plan (2014-2023) is to mainstream climate change across all sectors. Cambodia's Rectangular Strategy - Phase IV, and the National Strategic Development Plan (2014-2018) also highlight the importance of addressing climate change.††
9. Climate smart agriculture is a promising entry point for mainstreaming climate change adaptation into development. For instance, Cambodia recently received support from the Green Climate Fund, and is now pursuing a project on climate-friendly agribusiness value chains aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and reducing climate vulnerability of Cambodia's agricultural value chains.
 
 
††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† What have been the key challenges and what opportunies for improvement do you see?
1. High staff turnover/non-continuity of staff participating in climate change-related trainings/workshops.
2. Inadequate attention of CSOs, academia, private sector, on integration issues.
3. Limited awareness of approaches to integrate climate change into development planning.
4. Limited climate data and informtion, including information sharing among stakeholders.
5. Inadequate resources (funds and manpower) for integration of climate resilience into policy and operations.
6. Engagement of planning departments of sector ministries in discussions is important to ensure integration of climate-related interventions into budget and planning of investment programs/projects.
7. Consultations with the sector agencies showed that project screening tools for climate change risks are not routinely used, and none of the agencies concerned have such a tool available. TA 8179 seeks to assess the suitability of existing screening tools for Cambodian circumstance and recommend a set of tools and protocols already developed for specific sectors in addition to customized applications for Cambodia.
8. Access to international financing options is still difficult due to complex requirements and procedures of the international funding mechanism.      
9. Competing priority in the govenment development plans and budgeting process.
10. Integrating climate change into the planning cycle remains a challenge. To be effectively mainstreamed, climate resilience must be integrated into policy documents, strategy and action plans, and in some cases, legislation. The preparation of the National Strategic Development Plan (2019-2023) will be a good entry point for integrating adaptation and resilience indicators into the NSDP, and mainstreaming climate resilience into planning.
11. A GIS toolkit specific for Cambodia is being developed for planning processes to routinely screen for climate risks. Improving the accessibility and reliability of climate information is important for understanding present and future vulnerability and risk.
12. Guidelines for mainstreaming climate resilience into 4 key sectors and into infrastructure design standards are being developed.
                       
Sharing experiences: please let us have someinsights into the particular experience of your country withintegrating climate change in nationnal, including sector planning