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PPCR Scorecard 2 Date of Report:   July/30/2018
PPCR Core Indicator 2:   Evidence of strengthened government capacity and coordination mechanism to mainstream climate resilience
Data Collection Method: Data scored at the country level          
Cambodia PPCR Investment Plan            
Reporting Period: From: January 1, 2017   To:     ##############
Government Capacity                                                                         Complete below the sectors identified as a priority in the PPCR investment plan.  Insert other priority sectors or ministries below (optional) Are information, studies and assessments addressing climate change, variability and resilience available? Is the  necessary climate change expertise available?  Do national/sector incentives and legislative policies expressly address climate change and resilience? Does the government/sector participate in the coordination mechanism?
a b c d e
  Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new) Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new) Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new) Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new)
Cambodia Government 4 4 5 6 2 3 6 6
How do you justify  the increase (or decrease)  in scores between scores repored in 2016  reporting period   and scores reported  in 2017  reporting period ?   Please explain! A data management system on climate change is in place where each ministry contributes to climate change learning. A meta-database for climate change in Cambodia is available on PPCR-Cambodia website and CAMClimate. The number of key government staff having formal training in general climate change issues (e.g. science, policy) has increased.  The Climate Change Financing Framework (2015) and the Cambodia NAP Finacing Frameowrk (2017) provide comprehensive analysis of financing gap by sector ministries and identify source of finance from government budgets and international funding options to meet the demand and gap by each sector ministry.  Cross-sectoral coordination mechanisms on climate change (National Council on Sustainable Development and SPCR Coordination team) meet regularly.
Water Resources 2 2 5 5 1 2 4 4
How do you justify  the increase (or decrease)  in scores between scores repored in 2016  reporting period   and scores reported  in 2017  reporting period ?   Please explain! Scientific studies and socio-economic data related to climate change impacts are available on a project basis in the Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology (MOWRAM) but  there is no clear policy for data and information sharing.  No change in the number of staff  formally trained in general climate change issues (e.g. science, policy).  The Water Resource Startegic Plan and Climate Change Action Plan support climate change resilience projects and activities though its implementation is limited by lack of funding.  MOWRAM identified specific individuals to participate in NCSD and CCTW meetings organized by NCSD.
Agriculture 3 4 5 5 1 2 4 4
How do you justify  the increase (or decrease)  in scores between scores repored in 2016  reporting period   and scores reported  in 2017  reporting period ?   Please explain! A database for collecting and sharing some data and information on agriculture sector (AgriStat) is in place at the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF). The  number of key  staff in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)  formally trained in general climate change issues (e.g. science, policy) remain the same. Some planning documents indirectly refer to incentives for addressing CC and resilience. MAFF identified specific individuals to participate in coordination teams.
Transport 2 2 4 5 1 2 4 4
How do you justify  the increase (or decrease)  in scores between scores repored in 2016  reporting period   and scores reported  in 2017  reporting period ?   Please explain! Scientific studies and socio-economic data related to climate change impacts are available in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT) but there is no clear policy for data and information sharing.  The number of staff members in the Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT) formally trained in general climate change issues (e.g. science, policy) has increased. Budget is allocated to revise policies and integrate climate change measures into sector plans.  MPWT identified specific individuals to participate in coordination team and National M&E working group of MOP.
Urban Planning 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2
How do you justify  the increase (or decrease)  in scores between scores repored in 2016  reporting period   and scores reported  in 2017  reporting period ?   Please explain! Very limited information on vulnerability assessments and climate change impacts available and no centralized data management system is in place.  Climate change impacts and adaptation (science and policy) expertise is limited.  Limited awareness of policymakers in urban sector ministries on incentives and legislative policies to address CC  and resilience.  Involvement of the officers from Ministry of Land Management and Urbanization and Constructon has been improved. 
                     
Coordination Mechanism                          Name the coordination mechanism below Is the coordination mechanism functional e.g., established, effective and efficient? Does it coordinate climate resilience interventions other than those funded by PPCR? Is there a broad set of non-governmental stakeholders involved? Is the relevant climate resilience information in the public domain? Are females and males participating equally?
  Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new) Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new) Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new) Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new) Score-  2016 reporting period
Score-2017 reporting  period (new)
National Climate Change Committee/National Council for Sustainable Development supported by Climate Change Technical Team 5 6 5 5 1 1 2 2 1 1
How do you justify  the increase (or decrease)  in scores between scores repored in 2016  reporting period   and scores reported  in 2017  reporting period ?   Please explain! In each line ministry, climate change focal points are assigned to coordinate within the respective ministry, and NCSD regularly organize CCTW. NCSD is mandated to coordinate and report progress of all climate resilience interventions including those funded by PPCR. All members of NCSD are government officials. Overall sectoral assessments on climate change vulnerability for some sectors and related information on adaptation are available in public domain. CAMCLIMATE and SPCR website provide access to some climate information such as feasibility studies…etc. Only one woman representative in  NCCC/NCSD, but decisions are mostly taken by male representatives. 
Instructions: 
1. Please establish scoring criteria for each of the aspects of this scorecard and submit them with your report. This should be done once, preferably at baseline stage and used during subsequent reporting years. 
2. If you have previously established your scoring criteria, use them and submit them with your report .
3. Score each cell with a score between 0 and 10 (refer to your scoring criteria defined for this scorecard)
4. Provide explanation of change in scores between 2016 and 2017 in appropriate cells and avoid abbreviations.
                                   
Gender considerations and  Coordination mechanism:  Please elaborate on whether and how gender good practice at the institutional level has been mainstreamed into the coordination mechanism unit
This should include commentary on the number of technical staff (women, men) in the unit and whether any gender training/ capacity-building has been offered with PPCR support to: i) staff in the Coordination Unit(women, men)other Government staff working on climate change 
             
MOWA has a representative in NCSD who provides inputs related to gender issues in regular meetings of NCSD.  MOWA, with support from TA 8179,  (i) conducted consultations for revising the master plan on gender and climate change and for mainstreaming gender concerns into sectoral CCAPs; (ii) organized an awareness raising campaign on gender and CCA on International Women’s Day in March 2018; (iii) identified of eight pilot activities on gender and CCA for implementation in Battambang, Kampong Thom, Prey Veng and Kampot provinces; and (iv) prepared drafts of a revised master plan on gender and climate change, and a guidance manual on integrating gender into adaptation investments.
 
                     
Lessons Learned:        What have been the key successes when strengthening the Governement capacity and the coordination mechanism?
1. Organization of regular NCSD and SPCR Coordination team meetings is important to address coordination issues.
2. Provision of  resources by PPCR and Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA) to strengthen capacity and improve coordination on adaptation and climate change issues respectively.
3. Establishment of a climate change knowledge management center at the Ministry of Environment, where each ministry contributes to climate change learning. 
4. Establishment of the Climate Change Technical Working Group, composed of 19 ministries/agencies, to facilitate the review, formulation and implementation of policies, strategies, action plans and programs to enhance climate change response. Terms of reference of the working group is being developed.
5. Organization of regular training workshops and awareness raising events by SPCR, CCCA, etc. at national and sub-national levels increases the level of awareness and knowledge on adaptation issues.
6. Increased support from high decision makers in promoting climate change planning and budgetting.
                                              What have been the key challenges and what opportunities for improvement do you see?
1. Limited expertise on climate change available in sector ministries. Evaluating the need to build individual capacities (e.g. provision for trainings), and need for institutional strengthening (e.g. strengthening coordination mechanism) in each ministry is an important step in designing an effective mainstreaming strategy.
2. Limited involvement of civil society, academia, and private sector in coordination. Coordination mechanism should be broad-based and inclusive of all sectors, where adequate representation from women and men, non governmental entities and special interest groups should be encouraged.
3. Limited role of women in coordination.
4. Cross- sector coordination and joint programming remain difficult.  Limited human and technical capacity in coordinating climate change mainstreaming in different sectors. Improvement of climate change coordination,  implementation and reporting through strengthened institutional arrangements for climate change (including establishing roles and responsibilities and increasing the members of sectoral climate change working groups).
5. Government staff not available for training due to other competing tasks.
6. Aside from establishing the NCSD, the coordination mechanism on climate change should be supported by technical task forces, which would be enabled to discuss concrete adaptation issues on a regular basis.
7. Limited climate information addressing climate change, vulnerability and resilience, climate data collection, sharing and indicators.  
8. Collecting evidence of the potential economic costs of climate change impacts and the benefits of investing in adaptation is important for convincing decision makers at various levels of the  economic implications of factoring climate change adaptation into their decision-making processes. 
9. Insufficient funding for implementation of CCAPs
10. Lack of effective financial mechanism to support adaptation response at various levels, including the sub-national levels.
11. Limited capacity in operation of M&E of adaptation and collection of climate change data.
12.  Since communication is often lacking between climate change experts and development practitioners, identifying climate "champions" within the ministries and building partnerships with the academe or other institutions can help bridge the gap between science (including socio-economics) and policy-making.
13. Implementing pilot projects that demonstrate the relevance and effectiveness of adaptation measures and highlight the enabling conditions needed to scale them up can convince policy makers to act. At the same time, it will strengthen technical capacity of climate change adaptation focals in each ministry through learning by doing approach.
Sharing experiences : Please let us have some  insights into the particular experience of your country with  strengthening  the  Governement capacity and the coordination mechanism to mainstream climate resilience
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