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PPCR Scorecard 3 Date of Report: July/30/2018
PPCR Core Indicator 3: Quality of and extent to which climate responsive instruments/investment models are developed and tested
Data Collection Method: Scored at the project-level and compiled at the PPCR Investment plan level  
  PPCR Investment Plan    
Country Aggregate Report  
Reporting Period: From: January 1, 2017 To: December 31, 2017
Project Title   Climate responsive instrument/ investment models identified: Has the instrument/ investment model been developed and tested? Has the instrument/ investment model been implemented to the scale proposed? Has the instrument/ investment model appropriately incorporated the needs of both females and males into its design and implementation? Has the instrument/ investment model incorporated the needs of vulnerable populations into its design and implementation?
 
a # b c d e f
Enhancement of Flood and Drought Management in Pursat Province 1 Flood and drought forecasting system 3 2 3 4
  Briefly comment on each score Score remains the same but with substantial progress.  Strengthening of National Flood Forecasting Center (NFFC) in Cambodia is about 85% completed. These include the completion of hydrologic and hydrodynamic schemes and the hydrological model for the mainstream Mekong and Pursat basin and ongoing additional cross-sectional survey information. The forecasting model and early warning systems have been developed but not yet applied to the affected community level.   Gender action plan (GAP) has been prepared for the project. Results have been partially incorporated into the design of the flood & drought forecasting systems. Hazard vulnerability capacity assessment (HVCA) was conducted for 45 villages which classifies the vulnerable groups by poverty ranking, female headed household and disables…etc. 
2 Design standards and guidelines for climate resilient infrastructure 2 0 1 1
  Briefly comment on each score (i) Conceptual design of the flood forecast system (100% completed), ii) flood and drought hazard and risk map preparation (95% completed), and iii)  residual flood risk associated with various protection measures (100% completed).   GAP has been prepared for the project but not yet incorporated in the design of the instrument/model. Poverty and social analysis was carried out for the project but not yet incorporated into the design of the instrument/model.
3 Improved flood protection and water management infrastructure  3 0 3 0
  Briefly comment on each score Detailed engineering design has been completed and contract for Barrage and the Main Canal package has been signed on 18 October and 19 June 2018, and the construction works have been started on 28 December 2017 and 21st August 2017 respectively.    GAP was prepared for the project which has not yet been incorporated into the design of the instrument/model. There is no clear assessment for incorporation of vulnerable group in the design.
4 Community-based disaster risk management system 7 5 5 4
  Briefly comment on each score The CBDRM training manual has been developed. CBDRM has been almost fully implemented in the project. Training has been provided to all 50 communities (750 community members including 52% women) on CBDRM. After receiving the training, communities have established VDMG (Village Disaster Management Groups). Under the support of CBDRM team, the VDMGs have now completed the preparation of 50 Village Safer Plans Incorporating Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) measures. Four out of the ten steps of the formation of the Farmer Water Use Community (FWUC) is completed and elections (Step 5) for the FWUC groups and sub-groups will be held soon. GAP has been prepared for the project and has been partially incorporated into the design and implementation of the instrument/model. Poverty and social analysis has been prepared for the project and has been partially incorporated in the design and implementation (training sessions and in the establishment of FWUCs) of the instrument/model.
Promoting Climate-Resilient Agriculture in Koh Kong and Mondulkiri Provinces as part of the Greater Mekong Subregion Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project 1 40 rainwater harvesting ponds for 60 ha of home garden crop production 3 0 3 3
  Briefly comment on each score The designs of 11 rainwater harvesting ponds and 27 small irrigation system (water tanks, solar pumps for wells/river)  have been completed but there has been no community consultations conducted for safeguard compliance.  The unit cost of model rain water harvesting pond is very high so EAs decided that only 10 of 39 rain water harvesting ponds will be applied.    A gender action plan and social safeguard have been conducted and the findings are incorporated into the design of the instruments. 50% of women are targeted as beneficiaries of the project, but implementation has yet to be started. Social and environment safeguards have been conducted to assess the needs of vulenerable groups and the findings are incorporated in the design. 
2 One climate resilient irrigation scheme rehabilitated with a command area of 250 ha 3 0 3 3
  Briefly comment on each score The detailed design of the scheme has been completed in Dec 2017.   Instrument/model has not yet been implemented. A gender action plan and social safeguard have been conducted and the findings are incorporated into the design of the instruments. 40% of women are targeted as beneficiaries of the project, but implementation has yet to be started.  Social and environment safeguards have been conducted to assess the needs of vulenerable groups and the findings are incorporated in the design. 
3 15 km of bioengineered sea barriers with self-closing culverts preventing incursion of saline water during winter high tides benefiting 750 ha 3 0 3 3
  Briefly comment on each score The design of the scheme has been completed in Dec 2017, mangroves and malaleuka will be planted (MOE).  The length of sea barriers is reduced to about 11.96 km.   A gender action plan and social safeguard have been conducted and the findings are incorporated into the design of the instruments. 25-30% of women are targeted as beneficiaries of the project, but implementation has yet to be started.   Social and environment safeguards have been conducted to assess the needs of vulenerable groups and the findings are incorporated in the design. 
4 9000-ha of forest sustainably managed for ecosystem-based adaptation 2 2 2 2
  Briefly comment on each score The scope of the component has been reduced because of the land encroachment. Only 5,000 ha will be managed by established Community Protected Area (MAFF). Overall implementation weighted progress is 31%.  The model has been partially implemented such as training is conducted, but other key results such as boundary demarcation, change in by-law agreement from CF to CPA…etc. are yet to be implemented.  A gender action plan also address the needs of females and males in the design and implementation.  Social and environment safeguards have been conducted to assess the needs of vulenerable groups and the findings are incorporated in the design.  A capacity building plan was also developed outlining the key needs of the communities to ensure that both they and the local authorities can sustainably manage the forest resources.
Climate Proofing of Agricultural Infrastructure and Business-focused Adaptation 1 Climate resilient irrigation infrastructure  4 2 3 2
  Briefly comment on each score Construction of irrigation infrastructure is 100% completed in one sub-project, while the 5 other sub-projects are at 70-80% completion, incorporating environmental and climate change risks. A further 3 sub-projects are under bidding stage.  Due to higher  actual cost of each subproject than the original cost estimate, only 9 out of 13 potential subprojects can be rehabilitated under the program. The project considers involvement of female labors of about 30% in construction in all 13 sub-projects, but the actual number is about 25%.  The project also considers the need of vulnerable populations to join the farmer water user communities (FWUC). No land inside irrigation scheme.
2 Weather-indexed crop insurance scheme in three provinces (Battambang, Kampong Thom, and Prey Veng)  3 0 1 1
  Briefly comment on each score The Weather Index Crop Insurance Feasbility Study has been completed and a workshop to disseminate findings and finalize the report was conducted in Dec 2017.    Needs of both females and males were partly incorporated into the design.  Needs of vulnerable populations were partly assessed. 
3 Laser Land leveling to improve water-use efficiency 6 3 3 0
  Briefly comment on each score 3 trainings were conducted for service providers to guide land leveling in the 1,000 ha with an estimate cost of US$ 650 per ha.  The model has been implemented for about 1,240ha in 3 provinces. A target of about 33% of women has been included in the implementation.  The vulnerable groups are considered as part of the design. 
Provincial Roads Improvement Project - Climate Proofing of Roads in Prey Veng, Svay Rieng, Kampong Chhnang and Kampong Speu Provinces 1 Rehabilitated and upgraded roads/dykes and dredging of lake in flood-prone parts of 4 provinces  4 3 3 3
  Briefly comment on each score Construction of rehabilitated road to climate-resilient condition is around 54% complete. Physical progress of dike rehabilitation is 57.6%. Dredging of Khsaet Lake is 100% complete.  The models are implemented fully to the scale proposed in the project document.  As of now at least 32% of women benefit from the projects through particpation in construction, feasibility study, and in PMU (for example 9 out of 24 staff of PMU are women).  Feasibility studies and poverty assessment is included in the project design and implementation. 
2 Bioengineering and other ecosystem-based adaptation measures  7 3 3 2
  Briefly comment on each score Design completed and tested with varieties of plants and grasses along 157 km in the four provinces, and also along the slopes of the dykes.  Almost to the scale proposed.  32 % of women are integrated in the design and implementation. The same status of incorporation of vulnerable groups. 
3 Community-based emergency management system pilot in Kampong Chhnang  7 5 3 3
  Briefly comment on each score Emergency Management center established in Kampong Chhnang (Kampong leng) for flood response,  and an Emergency Information Center has been established in MPWT with installed equipments. Only minor miscellaneous works remain. Actual progress of contract is 97%. The models are almost fully implemented (equipment installed) but need further testing between the two centers.  32 % of women are integrated in the design and implementation.  The same status of incorporation of vulnerable groups. 
GMS Southern Economic Corridor Towns Development Project 1 Wastewater treatment facilities (Piopet) , storm drainage (Bavet, Poipet and Battambang) and material (solid waste)  recovery facilities (all 3) in 3 towns (Battambang, Bavet, Poipet) 3 1 2 2
  Briefly comment on each score Wastewater treatment facilities (Piopet) , storm drainage (Bavet, Poipet and Battambang) and material (solid waste)  recovery facilities (all 3) in 3 towns (Battambang, Bavet, Poipet) are not yet tested.  Some of the sub-projects (storm, drain, material recovery facilities) are under construction in all 3 towns. Some sub-projects await ADB approval of EIA and social safeguards. The assesment of the needs of females and men has been conducted for all models.  EIA and social safeguard have been coducted to address the vulnerable groups and the findings are integrated into project design. 
2 Flood control and flood protection structures in Battambang and Neak Loeung 2 0 0 0
  Briefly comment on each score Feasibility study was conducted but the sub-projects have been cancelled due to insufficient budget.  No budget approved to proceed.    
3          
  Briefly comment on each score        
Flood-resilient Infrastructure Development in Pursat
and Kampong Chhnang Towns as part of the Integrated Urban Environmental Management in the Tonle Sap Basin Project
1 Embankment protection for flood control (Kampong Chhnang) 2 0 2 2
  Briefly comment on each score The survey study is in progress after which a design of the embankment will begin. There is a slight change in project purpose by  refocusing from the conventional flood protection purpose to river/water front development with commercial, tourist and recreational development. Detailed design of land fill is about 70 % complete in the selected site. The procurement is set to begin in 2018 and  2019. A Gender Action Plan is developed.  Resettlement and environmental safeguard is addressing all affected people, including the vulnerable groups.
2 Drainage improvements (Pursat) 2 0 2 2
  Briefly comment on each score The detailed design of drainage system was just started based on survey findings of poor draining canals. The model will include the Waste Water Treatment Plant in a location near the irrigation scheme about 4.16 Km from the Pursat Town. Detailed design of land fill is about 70 % complete in the selected site. The procurement is set to begin in 2018 (drainage) and 2019 (solid waste land fill). A Gender Action Plan is developed.  Resettlement and environmental safeguard is addressing all affected people, including the vulnerable groups.
3 Community mobilization and environmental improvement 2 0 2 2
  Briefly comment on each score The feasibility study has been conducted and the results are consulted with the communities in Kampong Chhnang and Pursat. The communities need wells and latrines to improve sanitation and hygiene.  The implementation is set to begin next year.  Gender issues are addressed during the studies. Vulnerable groups are the main targets of the model.
Mainstreaming Climate Resilience into Development Planning 1 Vulnerability assessment/risk screening tools (Cambodia GIS climate Change Toolbox) 7 4 5 5
  Briefly comment on each score The intrument/ investment model has been developed and provided training to key stakeholders, but it is not yet adopted. Used within feasibility study, leading to develop tools and proposal for additional funding, but not yet applied across all PPCR projects of other sectors.  The screening tools are shared with key sector ministries.  Involved by both male and female during data collection and discussion on vulnerabiltiy assessment and design risk screening tools, such as MoWA representative, and women from MAFF, provincial department had been involved.    The instrument focus on vulnerability people into the study and address to vulnerable. The result were included in the tool design. 
2 Adaptation guidelines/manuals 5 0 5 5
  Briefly comment on each score Four adaptation guides were developed and training has not yet been conducted. Adaptation guidelines still being revised. Involved by both male and female during data collection and discussion on vulnerabiltiy assessment and design risk screening tools, such as MoWA representative, and women from MAFF, provincial department had been involved.   The instrument focus on vulnerability people into the study and address to vulnerable. The result were included in the tool design. 
3 Educational curricula on adaptation and disaster risk reduction (DRR) 3 0 2 2
  Briefly comment on each score Curricula on adaptation is in progress, the draft was completed, which will be tested in 2018. It is still being developed. Assessment on male and female for curricula development was undertaken by incorporating the impacts of climate change on female and males. Assessment on vulnerable population for curricula development was undertaken
4 Small grant scheme to community-based organizations and non-governmental organizations 7 7 7 7
  Briefly comment on each score The testing of various CBADRR projects through 19 CSOs has been tested, including training of CSOs in VRA and CC Planning.  The CBADRR projects have been fully implemented according to the scale proposed.  The assessment is done for the community-based adaptation and disaster risk reduction projects.  Vulnerable groups in the project areas are incorporated in the implementation.  
5 Reports/knowledge products on adaptation and DRR 6 4 4 4
  Briefly comment on each score The KPs (20 tools, newsletters, video documentary, posters, factsheets, booklets) have been developed and are available online at the SPCR website, facebook page, telegarm group, newsletter, posters, and training has been conducted.  Some reports/knowledge on SPCR investment projects are shared through social network, website, and newsletters.  All knowledge products were shared to both men and women.  The knowledge product has covered community based-adaptation measures for vulnerable population awareness though the disemination in the community. 
6 Adaptation feasibility studies 7 7 7 7
  Briefly comment on each score 6 feasibility studies were completed, including 6 feasibility study reports, and the results were shared with sector ministries and also incorporated into concept notes of the 6 project proposals.  The feasibility study reports used to develop proposal for seaking funding for GCF.  Involved by both male and female (about 50% of local women were consulted) within data collection and discussion during feasibility study, such as MoWA representative, and women from MAFF, provincial department had been involved.  The instrument focus on vulnerability people into the study and address to vulnerable. The result were included in the tool design. 
Climate resilient Rural Infrastructure in Kampong Cham Province(as part of Rural Roads Improvement Project (RRIP-II)) 1 240 km of rural roads, including 193.9 km in Tboung Khmum and 50 km in the five Mekong River islands, rehabilitated to climate-resilient condition 4 5 5 5
  Briefly comment on each score Construction of the project is 33% complete. The design of concrete road is enhanced to last about 30 years in the seasonal flooding conditions. It has been prooved reliable in other part of the country, but the assessment of the effectiveness has not been done. The construction of concrete roads are complete. The project has good support from both males and females. There is no discrimination on project design as all people benefit from the road enhancement. 
2 11 jetties with climate resilient standards rehabilitated or developed 4 5 4 4
  Briefly comment on each score The construction of jetties are complete and testing is expected in the coming months.  The construction of 11 jetties are almost complete.  The design will  benefit both sex.  No particular study carried out but the design will benefit all people. 
3 Community-based emergency management system 2 1 1 1
  Briefly comment on each score There is some suggestion to promote community development through construction of well and livelihood improvements, the model has not been developed. instrument has been developed and training on the effeciency cook stove.    
       
Instructions:   
1. List all climate responsive instruments/ investment models identified in each of your project before starting (refer to  projects documents)
2. Establish scoring criteria for each of the aspects of this scorecard and submit them with your report. This should be done once, preferably at baseline stage and used during subsequent reporting years.
3. If you have previously established your scoring criteria, use them and submit them with your report.
4. Score each cell with a score between 0 and 10 ( refer to your scoring criteria defined for this scorecard).
5. Add more lines under each project if needed.
                           
Lessons Learned: What have been the key successes when developing and testing these instruments/investment models?
 
1. Good cooperation from national and sub-national stakeholders in field data collection for feasibility studies. 
2. Good support from local people and sub-national authories, for example in Pursat municipality, flooding is recurrent problem during the rainy season, therefore people wait to see the construction of drainage to release the flood water from the town as soon as possible.
3. Projects often provide multiple benefits in terms of tourism attraction, business and investment opportunity and environment improvement after the construction of climate resilienece embankment or flood control structure. 
4. There is high demand for agriculture insurance with possible three insurance products (weather index crop insurance, area yield insurance, and agricultural input insurance) as feasibiliy study has indicated about 86% of farmers of the study province is interested.  
     
     
                                              What have been the key challenges and what opportunities for improvement do you see?  
 
1. Environmental and social safeguard, land acquisition and resetlement cause some delay of procurement and construction. Some projects such as the Climate Resilience Agriculture has difficulty in allocating land for digging rainwater harvest ponds, therefore proposed building the rainharvest tanks instead.
2. Data availability, reliability and limited accessibility.
3. The original feasibility studies do not reflect the real situation, for example the actual location of the ponds have not been clearly identified.
4. Land encroachment by villagers also change the scope of the investment instrument.
5. Change in institutional jurisdiction, for example the conservation activities are transferred to MOE or irrigation is the sole responsibility of MOWRAM.
6. The majority of farmers can pay the premium less than 10% of production cost, and prospect for its sustainability depends on government regulations and awareness and trust among farmers. Both farmers and insurers need a balance of benefits.
7. Cost increased compared to the original cost estimate, which has reduced or changed the expected outputs.
8. Different indicators are designed for different donors, for example the case of Rice SDP, which have DMF and for GAFSP result framework.  
9. Limited knowledge in estimating cost of adaptation projects.